Tipuri de frunze wikipedia

Hij was de zoon van een Roemeense [1] feldsher van het Kherson-gouvernement en zijn Russische [2] vrouw. In nam hij deel aan het derde partijcongres in Londen.

Hij nam daarna deel aan de revolutionaire woelingen in Rusland in de jaren - en zat daarna gevangen tot aan de Oktoberrevolutie van Hij sloot zich daarna aan bij het Rode Leger van Trotski. Als commandant van het Rode Leger onderdrukte hij in een opstand in Savinkovdaarna werd hij als bevelhebber naar Turkestan gestuurd om daar de communisten aan de macht te brengen. Hij bracht vrij snel Turkestan onder bolsjewistisch gezag en hielp de macht van de communisten in Boechara te consolideren.

In versloeg hij de legers van generaal Pjotr Wrangel. Nadat Trotski in als opperbevelhebber van het Rode Leger was afgezet, werd Froenze zijn opvolger. Froenze stierf in na een achteraf overbodig gebleken maagoperatie. Gesuggereerd werd onder meer door Boris Pilnjak in zijn novelle uit "De maan die niet kon worden uitgeblazen", later opnieuw door Vasili Aksjonov in zijn roman "De generaties van de winter" uit dat Stalin de hand in zijn overlijden heeft gehad om zijn vriend Kliment Vorosjilov op de post van Froenze te krijgen.

Piljnak had een zoon, Timoerdie piloot werd en in omkwam tijdens de Slag om Stalingrad. De geboorteplaats van Froenze, Pisjpek, werd in te zijner nagedachtenis omgedoopt tot Froenze. Ook is er zowel in Moskou als in Sint-Petersburg een metrostation naar hem vernoemd. De militaire Froenzeacademie is naar hem genoemd. Uit Wikipedia, de vrije encyclopedie. Doorverwezen vanaf Mikhail Frunze.

Indiana University Pressp.

Tipuri morfologice si structurale de frunze (paralela intre dicotiledonate si monocotiledonate)

ISBN Naamruimten Artikel Overleg. Weergaven Lezen Bewerken Brontekst bewerken Geschiedenis. Informatie Gebruikersportaal Snelcursus Hulp en contact Donaties. Hulpmiddelen Links naar deze pagina Verwante wijzigingen Bestand uploaden Speciale pagina's Permanente koppeling Paginagegevens Wikidata-item Deze pagina citeren. In andere projecten Wikimedia Commons. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 9 mrt om Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie.Fu un leader bolscevico durante e subito dopo la Rivoluzione Russa del Era figlio di un medico specialista romeno e della sua moglie russa.

Al Secondo Congresso del Partito Operaio Socialdemocratico Russotenuto a Londra nelebbe luogo la scissione ideologica fra Lenin e Julij Martovi due principali capi del partito, riguardo alle tattiche del partito Martov suggeriva un grande partito di attivisti, mentre Lenin proponeva un piccolo gruppo di rivoluzionari professionisti, con un largo seguito di simpatizzanti.

Fu proprio a Ivanovo che, convincendo gli scioperanti a costituire un comitato permanente, diede vita al primo soviet di Russia.

In seguito al disastroso epilogo del movimento, Frunze venne arrestato e condannato a morte, ma fu successivamente graziato e la sentenza convertita in ergastolo ai lavori forzati.

Nel corso della Rivoluzione di FebbraioFrunze fu a capo della milizia civile a Minskprima di essere eletto presidente del Soviet della Bielorussia. Dopo la presa del potere dell' ottobrenel Frunze divenne Commissario Militare per la Provincia di Voznesensk. Una volta diventato Commissario del popolo alla Guerra, Frunze fu l'artefice dell'introduzione del servizio di leva obbligatorio anche in tempo di pace. Venne sepolto nella necropoli delle mura del Cremlino di Mosca.

L'ultimo periodo della vita di Frunze fu alla base del racconto di Boris Pil'njak "Storia della luna che non fu spenta". Altri progetti.

Reindirizzamento da Michail Frunze. Altri progetti Wikimedia Commons. Portale Biografie. Portale Guerra. Partito Comunista dell'Unione Sovietica.

tipuri de frunze wikipedia

Mosca31 ottobre Necropoli delle mura del Cremlino. Armata Rossa. Guerra civile russa. Rivoluzione di febbraio Rivoluzione d'ottobre. Comandante del gruppo di armate meridionale Fronte orientale Commissario del popolo per gli Affari navali e militari. Ordine della Bandiera rossa 2.

Ordine della Bandiera Rossa 2.Acest referat descrie Tipuri morfologice si structurale de frunze paralela intre dicotiledonate si monocotiledonate. Mai jos poate fi vizualizat cuprinsul si un extras din document aprox. Iti recomandam sa te uiti bine pe extras, cuprins si pe imaginile oferite iar daca este ceea ce-ti trebuie pentru documentarea ta, il poti descarca. Ai nevoie de doar 3 puncte.

tipuri de frunze wikipedia

Introducere 3 2. Structura frunzelor la angiosperme. Morfologia frunzelor 6 3. Tipuri morfologice si structurale de frunze paralela intre dicotiledonate si monocotiledonate. Cuprins 1. Extras din document 1. Preview document. Fisiere in arhiva 1 : Tipuri morfologice si structurale de frunze paralela intre dicotiledonate si monocotiledonate.

Bibliografie 1. Altii au mai descarcat Proiect.

Michail Froenze

Tehnologia Obtinerii Berii Berea este o bautura alcoolica nedistilata, obisnuita prin fermentarea cu drojdie a unui must Tehnologia Cresterii Cabalinelor 1. Importanta cresterii cabalinelor Munca sau forta de tractiune este principala productie de Efectele luminii asupra plantelor 1.

Elemente meteorologice 1.Structura partilor componente ale frunzei complete lamina, petiol, baza este rezultatul actiunii unui complex de factori interni si externi. Lamina frunzelor prezinta cea mai mare plasticitate structurala. Limbul unei frunze normale este alcatuit din cel putin 4 tipuri distincte de tesuturi definitive: epidermal, asimilator, conducator, mecanic. Majoritatea frunzelor sunt bifaciale, prezentand o fata superioara, ventrala, acoperita de epiderma superioara si o fata inferioara, dorsala, acoperita de epiderma inferioara.

Dupa anatomia mezofilului frunzelor bifaciale se disting patru tipuri structurale de organizare:. In anumite conditii, frunzele sufera o serie de modificari morfo-structurale, datorita necesitatii indeplinirii unor fc speciale de protectie, de agatare, nutritiv. Se intalnesc la plantele carnivore si sunt adaptate pentru prins insecte, cu care aceste plante se hranesc. Floarea la angiosperme este alcatuita din :.

Ovulul gazduieste gametofitul feminin sacul embrionar in care se afla gametul feminin imobil, numit oosfera.

Staminele produc granule de polen, care ulterior germineaza, iar in tubul polonic format se diferentiaza gametii masculini, reprezentati de spermatii. Ovarul este partea bazala, dilatata care se insera pe receptacul sau, uneori este cufundat in acesta, reprezinta partea cea mai importanta a gineceului pentru ca in el se gasesc inserate ovulele.

Denumirea lui provine de la forma pe care o are de ou-ovus. Fiecare ovul se prinde de peretele ovarian printr-un mic pedicel numit funiculcare la baza ovulului se ingusteaza formand hilullocul in care samanta se va desprinde de funicul, la maturitate. Funiculul este strabatut de un singur fascicol conducator libero-lemnos ce-si are originea in fascicolele placentare si care la baza nucelei se ramifica formand chalaza.

Ovulul este protejat de doua integumenteextern si intern, care lasa un mic orificiu la partea superioara a ovulului numit micropillocul prin care patrunde tubul polinic in vederea fecundarii.

Tesutul parenchimatic din interior alcatuieste nucelauna din celulele acesteia va da nastere la macrospor in cadrul procesului de macrosporogeneza, macrospor care prin germinare va forma un macroprotal sau gametofit femel ce contine initial 8 nuclei din care doi vor fuziona formand in final 7 celule nucleate ce constituie sacul embrionaradica gametofitul sau protalul femel. Dintre cele 7 celule, doua joaca rol de gameti femeli, prima este oosferasituata in apropierea micropilului si incadrata de doua celule numite sinergide.

In partea centrala se afla nucleul secundar al sacului embrionar diploid- fiind rezultat din fuzionarea a doi nuclei haploizi care reprezinta al doilea gamet femel, din fecundarea caruia va rezulta zigotul accesoriu ce sta la baza tesutului nutritiv al semintei, adica a endospermului secundar. In partea opusa micropilului sacul embrionar contine alte 3 celule numite antipode.

Aceste flori sunt pedicelate, iar pedicelul fiecarei flori se dezvolta in axila unei bractee. Pedicelele sunt aproape de aceeasi marime. Spadixul spadicele. Pastaia c. Folicula b.From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. English: Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze. Kremlin Wall Necropolis. All-Russian Central Executive Committee.

tipuri de frunze wikipedia

Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Subcategories This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total. Pages in category "Mikhail Frunze" This category contains only the following page.

Media in category "Mikhail Frunze" The following 30 files are in this category, out of 30 total. Frunze - Poiarkov. Frunze Voroshilov Budyonny Frunze Bukharin. Leon Trotsky attends The October Revolution parade Shikhlinski-Veisov-Frunze-Karaev Bucheinband M.

Frunze Funeral on Nov 03 Frunze Mikhail 1. Frunze Mikhail 2. Frunze MV. Frunze-grave-kremlin-wall-necropolis-july Mikhail Frunze hands colours. Mikhail Frunze Red Army Bukhara offensive. Mikhail Frunze Signature. Mikhail Frunze Sophia Frunze Participants of the meeting the commanders of military districts.

Political section of the Turkestan Front, The meeting of commanders at RMC. Namespaces Category Discussion. Views View Edit History. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 6 Octoberat Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License ; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and the Privacy Policy. Soviet general. Upload media.Januar jul. Seine Mutter stammte aus einer Bauernfamilie aus Gouvernement Woronesch. Schon im ersten Jahr seines Studiums war er Mitglied der sozialdemokratischen Bewegung. Nach der Niederschlagung der Revolution wurde er verhaftet und zum Tode verurteiltdann jedoch zur lebenslangen Zwangsarbeit begnadigt.

Mikhaïl Frunze

Nach zehn Jahren in Sibirien gelang es ihm, nach Tschita zu fliehen. Hier arbeitete er als Redakteur einer bolschewistischen Wochenzeitung. September Die Armee wies Mitte der er Jahre einen Friedensstand von rund Am Gamburg, die dieser auch in seinem Roman So war das aufgriff. April auf dem XII. Stalin hielt am 3. November bei der Beisetzung von Frunse eine Gedenkrede. Frunse zu Ehren wurde seine Heimatstadt Bischkek in Frunse umbenannt bis Auch in Minsk und in St.

Petersburg gibt es eine Metrostation mit diesem Namen, zudem ist einer der Minsker und auch einer der St. Petersburger Stadtbezirke Rajone nach ihm benannt Frunsenski rajon.

In den er Jahren trug die In Tiraspol existiert ein nach ihm benannter Stadtteil. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.Frunze was born in what is now modern day Kyrgyzstanand rose to the rank of a major Red Army commander in the Russian Civil War.

He is best known for defeating Baron Peter von Wrangel in Crimea. Frunze was born in Pishpek present-day Bishkek in Kyrgyzstanthen a small Imperial Russian garrison town in the Kyrgyz part of Russian Turkestan Semirechye Oblastto a Romanian [1] para-medic feldsher originally from the Kherson Governorate and his Russian [2] wife.

He began his studies at Verniy present-day Almatyand in he attended the Saint Petersburg Polytechnical University. Two years after the Second Congress Frunze became an important leader in the Revolutionat the head of striking textile workers in Shuya and Ivanovo. Following the end of the movement, Frunze was arrested in and sentenced to deathspending several months on death row awaiting his execution. After 10 years in Siberian prisons, Frunze escaped to Chitawhere he became editor of the Bolshevik weekly newspaper Vostochnoe Obozrenie Eastern Review.

During the February RevolutionFrunze headed the Minsk civilian militia before his election as president of the Byelorussian Soviet. He later went to Moscow and led an armed force of workers to aid in the struggle for control of the city.

Frunze went on to rid his native Turkestan of Basmachi insurgents and of White troops. He captured Khiva in February and Bukhara in September He also led, as commander of the southern front, the destruction of Nestor Makhno 's anarchist movement in Ukraine and the nationalist movement of Symon Petliura.

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk valued him as an ally and a friend, to the extent that he placed a statue of Frunze as a part of the Republic Monument at the Taksim Squarein Istanbul.

Inhe was elected to the Central Committee of the Russian Bolshevik Partyon 2 June became candidate member of the Politburo and in January,became the Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council. Frunze's support of Grigory Zinoviev brought him into conflict with Joseph Stalinone of Zinoviev's chief opponents, with whom they had previously been on amiable terms, owing to the respect that Stalin studiously displayed at that period towards his fellow "old guard" revolutionary and former prisoner.

Frunze had been noted among communist leaders as possessing a very creative and almost unorthodox view on matters of implementation and policy. He gained the respect and admiration of his comrades thanks to his fearless and successful pursuit of complicated military objectives and his endurance during the illegality period of the communist party.

He had been considered as a potential successor to Lenin, due to his strength in both theoretical and practical matters of advancing the Communist party agenda, and his seeming lack of personal ambition separate from the party. Frunze was suffering from a chronic ulcerationand although it had been suggested to him many times that he undergo surgery, he tended to favour more conservative treatments. After an especially severe episode inFrunze was hospitalised. Stalin and Anastas Mikoyan both came to visit him, and impressed on him the need for an operation.

Not long before his death, Frunze wrote to his wife: "At present I am feeling absolutely healthy, and it seems ridiculous to even think of, and even more-so to undergo an operation. Nevertheless, both party representatives are requiring it. Frunze died on 31 October There has been speculation that Stalin or another rival within the party secretly ordered his death, but there is no evidence to support this.

Frunze was buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis. Inthe capital city of BishkekKyrgyzstanwas renamed Frunze in his honour. It reverted to its former name in Nevertheless, Frunze himself is still commemorated in the city. His equestrian statue still stands in front of the main railway station. A street and a museum in the centre of the city are named after him; the museum contains the cottage in which he grew up, fully intact inside a larger modern structure.

Multiple villages bear the name Frunze, Russia. The Frunze Military Academyone of the most respected in the former Soviet Unionwas also named in his honour.

There are stations named Frunzenskaya in his honour on the Moscow MetroSaint Petersburg Metro and Minsk Metroand a stone carving of his likeness stands at one end of the station. Shuya is home to a memorial museum dedicated to Frunze. Streets in many Russian cities are named after him.

Aventurile unei frunze de toamna [ Colectia de Basme si Povesti ]

After his death, the first name for boys Frunzik roughly "Little Frunze" became quite popular in the Caucusus and Soviet Turkestan, the most famous name-bearer probably being Frunzik Mkrtchyan. The Russian battleship Poltava was renamed Frunze in his honour in Januaryas was the second Kirov-class nuclear battlecruiser now the " Admiral Lazarev " in General Frunze is also honoured with a place right behind Ataturk, in the Monument of the Republic, located at the heart of Taksim Square, in Istanbul, Turkey.

His death also forms the central element of the first two chapters of Vasily Aksyonov 's novel Generations of Winter.


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